Glossary of Aikido Terms


People

NagePerson who throws
UkePerson who attacks
KohaiJunior student
SempaiSenior student
O'SenseiGreat teacher i.e. Morihei Ueshiba
SenseiTeacher
ShidoinTeacher
ShihanMaster teacher
FukushidoinAssistant teacher

Positions

OmoteToward the front
UraToward the rear
GedanLower position
ChudanMiddle position
JodanHigh position
SotoTo the outside
UchiTo the inside
SeizaProper kneeling position
SuwariwazaTechinques done kneeling
Hanmi-handachiUke is standing, Nage is kneeling
TachiwazaTechniques done standing

Stances

AihanmiOpposite side (criss-cross)
GyakuhanmiSame side (toe to toe)
HanmiTriangular forward stance

Attacks

Katate-doriWrist Grab
Kata-doriShoulder area Grab
Morote-doriGrab one arm with 2 hands
Ryote-doriGrab both arms with 2 hands
ShomenStrike to center of forehead
TsukiStraight Punch
UshiroAttack from behind
YokomenStrike to side of the head

Techniques

Kaiten-nageRotary throw
Kokyu-dosaSitting breath throw
Kokyu-hoBreath turning movement
Kokyu-nageBreath throw
Kote-gaseshiWrist turning-out throw
IkkyoArm Pin, 1st principle
Irimi-nageEntering throw
NikyoWrist bending, 2nd principle
SankyoWrist twisting, 3rd principle
Shiho-nage4 Ways/arm throw
Sumi-OtoshiCorner Drop
Tenshi-nageHeaven and Earth throw
YonkyoGripping/arm pin 4th principle

Miscellaneous

AtemiStriking/Feint
BokkenWooden training sword
DaiwaGreat harmony
DanBlack belt rank
Domo-arigato-gozamashitaThank you very much
DojoSchool/training hall
HaraiBack Turning Step
IrimiEntering movement
Jo (Jyo)Wooden staff (Spear)
Keiko-giPractice uniform
KyuWhite belt rank
RandoriMultiple Person Attacks
ReiBowing
SanshoThree victories
ShikkoKnee Walking
Tai-No-HenkoTurning Tenkan Practice
TenkanTurning movement
UkemiProtective falling

Contact Us

Aikido Daiwa
171 W. Magnolia Blvd.
Burbank, CA 91502
P: 818-843-4984
E: info@aikidodaiwa.com